saltpeter chilean collapse history

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Chilean Nitrate - Agricultural Marketing Service

Chilean nitrate supplements feel strongly that it is the only viable option for maintaining high quality produce during winter, particularly with respect to leafy greens (Adamchak 2002) Additionally, refined Chilean nitrate is prilled and thus does not require specialized application equipment...

"Economic history of Chile (1973-1990)" on Revolvy

Sep 11, 1973· The economy of Chile has shifted substantially over time from the heterogeneous economies of the diverse indigenous peoples to an early husbandry-oriented economy and finally to one of raw material export and a large service sector Chile's recent economic history (1973–) has been the focus of an extensive debate from which " neoliberalism " acquired its modern meaning...

Towards a Historiography of the 1973 , - historysfsuedu

importance in the Chilean public opinion Key aspects that stimulated this discussion were the collapse of the national saltpeter industry, economic underdevelopment, the economic potential of the copper industry, and most importantly, the preponderance of foreign capital in the copper industry The...

Abandoned mining site in Chile becomes a world heritage ,

Apr 22, 2016· Chilean saltpeter works Humberstone was abandoned in the 20th century when synthetic alternatives for the mineral were created by Germany during WWI leaving the settlement a ghost town...

Saltpeter or Potassium Nitrate Facts - ThoughtCo

Pure saltpeter or potassium nitrate is a white crystalline solid, usually encountered as a powder Most potassium nitrate is produced using a chemical reaction of nitric acid and potassium salts, but bat guano was an important historical natural source Potassium nitrate was isolated from guano by soaking it in water, filtering it, and ....

Why the Atacama Salt Flats Are Like Nowhere Else on Earth

Dec 25, 2017· The salt flats were the site (and much of the cause) of the War of the Pacific, also called the Saltpeter War During this time, Chile obtained most of the valuable mineral-rich territory desired ....

Visit Chile's 5 World Heritage Sites » Cascada Expediciones

Chile’s landscape is not just beautiful to look at, it also holds the key to the huge mineral deposits that have driven the country forward industrially and economicallyThe works at Humberstone and Santa Laura and the company towns around them, which have lain in ruins since the collapse of the saltpeter industry in 1929, are a testament to this history and the specific culture that grew up ....

Chilean saltpetre | Article about Chilean saltpetre by The ,

Looking for Chilean saltpetre? Find out information about Chilean saltpetre chemical compound, KNO3, occurring as colorless, prismatic crystals or as a white powder; it is found pure in nature as the mineral saltpeter, or niter Explanation of Chilean saltpetre...

The Nitrate Towns of Chile – Tamarugal, Chile - Atlas Obscura

Discover The Nitrate Towns of Chile in Tamarugal, Chile: Towns with a resource known as "white gold," valuable enough to fight a war over, now stand ghostly empty...

How Chile Successfully Transformed Its Economy | The ,

Sep 18, 2006· If Chile is now presented as a pioneer of free-market economic reform, we should remember that at the beginning of the 1970s, it was the complete opposite: a vanguard of controlled economy and big ....

Chilean naval mutiny of 1931 - Wikipedia

In 1931 Chile was bankrupt The situation had caused the downfall of President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo on 26 July 1931 The collapse of exports and prices for Chilean products, the lack of liquidity and the high level of external debt had led the League of Nations to name Chile as the country most affected worldwide by the Great Depression There were already 130,000 unemployed and the ....

What Are Some Natural Sources of Potassium Nitrate ,

Apr 24, 2017· What Are Some Natural Sources of Potassium Nitrate? By Kelly Wallace; Updated April 24, 2017 Image by Flickr, courtesy of Sherrie Thai Also known as saltpeter, potassium nitrate is a white crystallized compound composed of potassium, nitrogen and oxygen Most commonly used in fireworks, matches and fertilizer, its medical applications ....

Chilean saltpeter | Earthworm Express

Dec 17, 2014· Remember that curing up till 1890 has been attributed to saltpeter (potassium nitrate) or Chilean saltpeter (sodium nitrate) In 1891 a German food scientist, Dr Ed Polenski, working for the German Department of Health made an observation that ,...

saltpeter chilean collapse history - BINQ Mining

Apr 26, 2013· Economic history of Chile – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Saltpeter Republic , The collapse of the Spanish cities in the south following the battle of Curalaba (1598) meant for the , Further information: History of Chile during the Parliamentary Era (1891-1925) and Presidential Republic , »More detailed...

The ghost towns of northern Chile - The Washington Post

Oct 26, 2012· The ghost towns of northern Chile , Humberstone was once a buzzing center of saltpeter mining Chile saltpeter, or sodium nitrate, was an ingredient in ,...

Chile | Boundless World History - Lumen Learning

The Presidential Era is the period in Chilean history from the adoption of the constitution on September 18, 1925, to the fall of the Popular Unity government headed by President Salvador Allende on September 11, 1973 It coincides with what is known as the “development inwards” period in Chilean economic history...

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works - World ,

Humberstone and Santa Laura works represent over 200 former saltpeter works where workers from Chile, Peru and Bolivia lived in company towns and forged a distinctive communal pampinos culture...

Nitratine - Wikipedia

Nitratine or nitratite, also known as cubic niter (UK: nitre), soda niter or Chile saltpeter (UK: Chile saltpetre), is a mineral, the naturally occurring form of sodium nitrate, NaNO 3Chemically it is the sodium analogue of saltpeterNitratine crystallizes in the trigonal system, but rarely occurs as well formed crystals It is isostructural with calcite...

Why the Atacama Salt Flats Are Like Nowhere Else on Earth

Dec 25, 2017· The salt flats were the site (and much of the cause) of the War of the Pacific, also called the Saltpeter War During this time, Chile obtained most of the valuable mineral-rich territory desired ....

Sodium nitrate - YouTube

Aug 28, 2014· Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3 This salt is also known as Chile saltpeter or Peru saltpeter (due to the large deposits found in the Atacama desert in ,...

Economic history of Chile - ipfsio

The economy of Chile has shifted substantially over time from the heterogeneous economies of the diverse indigenous peoples to an early husbandry-oriented economy and finally to one of raw material export and a large service sectorChile's recent economic history (1973–) has been the focus of an extensive debate from which "neoliberalism" acquired its modern meaning...

Sodium nitrate - Wikipedia

Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula Na N O 3This alkali metal nitrate salt is also known as Chile saltpeter (because large deposits of this salt can be found in Chile) to distinguish it from ordinary saltpeter, potassium nitrateThe mineral form is also known as nitratine, nitratite or soda niter...

UNESCO World Heritage Centre - State of Conservation (SOC ,

The World Heritage Centre received the State of Conservation report from the State Party The report qualifies the current state of conservation of the site as “regular”, due to the length of time since the site was abandoned and with no specific conservation actions...

Timeline of Chilean history - Wikipedia

This is a timeline of Chilean history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Chile and its predecessor statTo read about the background to these events, see History of ChileSee also the list of governors and presidents of Chile...

Timeline of Chilean history - Wikipedia

This is a timeline of Chilean history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Chile and its predecessor statTo read about the background to these events, see History of ChileSee also the list of governors and presidents of Chile...

Nitrate | Encyclopedia

Chile's Atacama Desert is the world's leading supplier of the mineralized form Approximately 86 percent of the nitrate produced in the United States is used for fertilizer, though the chemicals have other us Potassium nitrate (KNO 3), also known as saltpeter, is the key ingredient in gunpowder...

Economic history of Chile - Infogalactic: the planetary ,

The economy of Chile has shifted substantially over time from the heterogeneous economies of the diverse indigenous peoples to an early husbandry-oriented economy and finally to one of raw material export and a large service sectorChile's recent economic history (1973–) has been the focus of an extensive debate from which "neoliberalism" acquired its modern meaning...

Iquique, nitrate history - Humberstone and Santa Laura tours

In addition, it has been part of Chile's national monuments since 1977 and was declared a typical area Live the experience Oasis of Pica, Humberstone and Town of La Tirana 12 Hours Visit the saltpeter offices of Humberstone and Santa Laura that today are abandoned and are a Heritage of humanity Meet the Chilean, See Tour; From CLP $ 28 ....

The Crazy-Ass History Of A Boring-Ass Chemical - io9

The Crazy-Ass History Of A Boring-Ass Chemical , One of the worst tragedies in Chilean history, the Santa Maria School massacre, happened in 1907 because saltpeter miners went on strike ....

Salitre, harina de luna llena (Book, 1993) [WorldCatorg]

Get this from a library! Salitre, harina de luna llena [Ana Victoria Durruty] -- "Invaluable work on nitrates, particularly for the post-Ibáñez period; the development and collapse of COSACH; and the subsequent creation of Soquimich, which Allende nationalized and the junta ....